How to Install Nextcloud 12 on Fedora 27

Nextcloud is a free and open source file storage and sharing server. With this program, you can have a powerful, reliable and rich features cloud storage and file sharing service with full control. If you ever tried Dropbox, Owncloud has similar features (if not better) as Dropbox. But, you do have a full control to the server. This tutorial is going to show you how to install Nextcloud on Fedora 27. The current version of Nextcloud 12.0.3 is available. Please visit the Nextcloud official website for more information. In this tutorial, we are going to show you every installation steps and we hope at the end you can have a fully working Nextcloud on your Fedora 27. Continue reading to see how to install Nextcloud on Fedora 27.

On this example, I am running Fedora 27 on a Linode cloud instance. You can either install it on your local network, or any other cloud service such as Linode, AWS EC2, DigitalOcean or any other.

Steps to Install Nextcloud on Fedora 27

There are several steps that we will explain on this article, such as:

  1. Install LAMP (Apache, MariaDB and PHP). Please read our tutorial to install LAMP Server on Fedora 27. But we will also explain on this tutorial as well.
  2. Download Nextcloud
  3. Install and Configure Nextcloud
  4. Securing Nextcloud with https
  5. Testing

Let’s jump to the first step to install Nextcloud on Fedora 27

Step 1. Install LAMP on Fedora 27

First, we are going to install our web server with LAMP. Open Terminal or connect your Fedora 27 via ssh client such as Putty (windows) or Termius (Google Chrome app).

A. Install Apache Web Server

The following command will install Apache web server on Fedora 27

sudo dnf install httpd

Output

Now start and enable the Apache web server.

sudo systemctl start httpd

Our Apache web server is now installed and running. But, it won’t be accessible from outside unless you execute the following commands. 

B. Install MariaDB

Now we need to install MariaDB on Fedora 27. MariaDB is a powerful database server. To install MariaDB, please use the following command as root

dnf install mariadb-server

Now start the server

systemctl start mariadb

Now secure the MariaDB installation

mysql_secure_installation

Follow on screen wizard until completed

At this point, we have successfully installed MariaDB Server on Fedora 27. 

C. Install PHP

Now it’s time to install PHP and some module for Nextcloud support

When completed, our LAMP Server should be ready for use. 

Step 2. Download Nextcloud

Once we’ve setup the LAMP Server, we can continue to download the Nextcloud package. Download Nextcloud zip package with this command:

cd /tmp
wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-12.0.3.zip

For newer version, you may check the Nextcloud download page. Once you download, unzip it

unzip nextcloud-12.0.3.zip

Change the permission

chown -R apache:apache nextcloud

Move the nextcloud directory to /var/www/html/

mv nextcloud /var/www/html/

After that, we need to configure the Apache web server with our Nextcloud installation. We are going to create new virtual host. 

nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/nextcloud.conf

Now paste the following lines

Alias /nextcloud “/var/www/html/nextcloud/”

<Directory /var/www/html/nextcloud/>
Options +FollowSymlinks
AllowOverride All

<IfModule mod_dav.c>
Dav off
</IfModule>

SetEnv HOME /var/www/html/nextcloud
SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/html/nextcloud

</Directory>

Close and save the file. 

Step 3. Configure SELinux

This is a crucial step. On Fedora 27 Server, the default value of the SELinux is enforcing. This will block our connection to our Nextcloud installation. We need to set the SELinux to “permissive” or disable it if you want to. To set the SELINUX mode permanently even after reboot, you need to edit the file /etc/selinux/config

nano /etc/selinux/config

Now find the following line

SELINUX=enforcing

Change it to 

SELINUX=permissive

Close and save the file.

Step 4. Create new MySQL Database and user

We need to create new MySQL/MariaDB database and user. To do this, login to MySQL Server with this command

mysql -u root -p

After logged in, you are now in the MySQL Console. Now create new database ‘nextcloudDB’ or any name you like. 

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE nextcloudDB;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

Create New user

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER nextcloud@localhost IDENTIFIED BY ‘12345’;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

Grant user to the nextcloud database

MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextcloudDB.* to nextcloud@localhost IDENTIFIED BY ‘12345’;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

Flush privileges and exit

MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> EXIT;
Bye

At this point, our Nextcloud database is ready. 

Step 5. Configure Nextcloud via Web Browser

Now open a web browser and type the server IP address as follow: http://192.168.1.10/nextcloud. Change the IP address with your Fedora Server IP address. 

Enter the MySQL database and user information created from the previous step. You will also need to create new admin user and password for Nextcloud. Click Finish to start the process. In few moments, if there is no error, you will see the following on your web browser.

install Nextcloud on Fedora 27

Finally my Nextcloud 12 is now installed on my Fedora 27 Server. Thanks for reading this How to install Nextcloud on Fedora 27. I hope this tutorial is useful for you. 

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