How to Install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 20.04

In this article, I am going to show you how to install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 20.04 server. Nextcloud is a free and open-source cloud file sharing application. With Nextcloud, you can have your own cloud storage and sharing service for your organization. I am going to use LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP) on this installation.

NextCloud Main Features

  • Free and open-souce
  • End-to-end encryption
  • Easy to sync using the sync client for Linux, Windows and Mac
  • Extensive application from the app store


Before we can install NextCloud on Ubuntu 20.04, we need to correctly setup the web server with MySQL and PHP. Please read the following article to install LAMP on Ubuntu 20.04.

Follow the steps on that page to install LAMP server. You don’t need to install WordPress on your server.

Steps to Install NextCloud on Ubuntu 20.04

Step 1. Install LAMP

Again, please install and configure LAMP server on Ubuntu 20.04 before proceeding to the next steps. Make sure the web server, MySQL Server as well as PHP works properly.

Step 2. Download NextCloud

When this article is written, NextCloud 20 is available. You can download it from this link below.

Download NextCloud Server

Or, we can also download it via Terminal.

cd /tmp

Extract the Package. I will unzip the package to the /var/www/html/ directory.

sudo unzip -d /var/www/html/

If you don’t have unzip, you can install it with this command

sudo apt install unzip

So now, we should have a folder called nextcloud under /var/www/html. Next, we need to change the permission to that folder.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/nextcloud

Step 3. Create a New MySQL Database and User for NextCloud

In this step, we are going to create a new user and database for NextCloud. Login to MySQL via Terminal as root.

mysql -u root -p

Now create a new database called nextcloud. You can change it as you need.

mysql> create database nextcloud;

Now create a new user

mysql> create user nextcloud@localhost identified by '12345';

Grant privileges to nextcloud user

mysql> grant all privileges on nextcloud.* to nextcloud@localhost;
mysql> flush privileges;
mysql> exit

Step 4. Create Apache VirtualHost

Now we need to create a new VirtualHost for the NextCloud. To do this, we will create a new file called nextcloud.conf and put it inside /etc/apache2/sites-available/ directory.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/nextcloud.conf

And then paste these lines to it. Please modify the information below to match your settings.

<VirtualHost *:80>
        DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/nextcloud"
        ServerName nextcloud.griyaku.lan
        ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/nextcloud.error
        CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/nextcloud.access combined
        <Directory /var/www/html/nextcloud/>
            Require all granted
            Options FollowSymlinks MultiViews
            AllowOverride All
           <IfModule mod_dav.c>
               Dav off
        SetEnv HOME /var/www/html/nextcloud
        SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/html/nextcloud
        Satisfy Any

Close and save the file. Now let’s enable this virtual host.

sudo a2ensite nextcloud.conf

We also need to enable some of the Apache modules

sudo a2enmod rewrite headers env dir mime setenvif ssl

Now restart Apache

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Install additional PHP modules

sudo apt install php-imagick php7.4-common php7.4-mysql php7.4-fpm php7.4-gd php7.4-json php7.4-curl  php7.4-zip php7.4-xml php7.4-mbstring php7.4-bz2 php7.4-intl php7.4-bcmath php7.4-gmp

Finally, restart Apache

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Enable HTTPS on NextCloud

In order to enable HTTPS access to the NextCloud server, do the following.

First, let’s make sure that port 80 and 443 is allowed through the firewall.

sudo iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
sudo iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT

Install Let’s Encrypt on Ubuntu 20.04

sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-apache

Obtain certificate

sudo certbot --apache --agree-tos --redirect --staple-ocsp --email -d

Edit the nextcloud-le-ssl.conf

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/nextcloud-le-ssl.conf

And then copy and paste the following line

Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000"

Restart Apache

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Now open the web browser and type the server address. In this example, my Nextcloud address would be

Enter the details on that page to configure NextCloud for the first time. Finally, enjoy NextCloud.

Install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 20.04

Done. Enjoy NextCloud on Ubuntu 20.04 with HTTPS security enabled.

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